According to Dr. Montessori the toddler is in transition from the unconscious to the conscious absorbent mind. In this stage the child is gradually becoming less impulsive and dependent, learning more self-regulation and desire for independence.
The selection and design of materials for toddlers are intended to address the particular developmental characteristics of very young children. Daily activities promote mental, physical, communication, and social experiences.
These include a rich, diverse, and precise modeling of vocabulary; the use and play of words, print, and song; exploratory experiences with the properties and relationships of objects; developing skills of perception, discrimination, identification, coordination, muscle and body strength; and a variety of sensory, social, communication, cognitive, and physical opportunities. Toileting is a process of self awareness and regulation that is supported by the use of cloth pants.
The learning process of the pre-primary child encourages individual selection and engagement of an activity in order to promote autonomy, respect for others, and the completion of the work cycle.